Get to know ALL the Federal Government benefits and find out if you're eligible


The federal government offers an impressive variety of benefits designed to help citizens in different aspects of their lives. These benefits range from financial assistance to health and education services. In this article, we will explore in detail the main benefits offered by the federal government, explaining who is entitled to each one and how to apply.

ALL federal government benefits

The federal government plays a crucial role in the lives of Brazilian citizens, offering a wide range of benefits designed to promote social, economic and educational well-being. From financial assistance programs to housing and education initiatives, the federal government is committed to ensuring that all citizens have access to opportunities that allow them to prosper and reach their full potential.

Bolsa Família

Bolsa Família is one of the most comprehensive and impactful social programs implemented by the Brazilian federal government. Created in 2003 during the administration of President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, Bolsa Família aims to combat poverty and social inequality by offering direct financial assistance to families in situations of economic vulnerability.

This program operates under the premise that poverty is a cycle that can be broken with adequate investment in education, health and nutrition. In this way, Bolsa Família is not limited to providing financial resources, but also promotes integrated actions aimed at improving the living conditions of beneficiary families in the long term.

One of the most important features of Bolsa Família is its approach based on conditionalities. This means that beneficiary families must fulfill certain commitments in the areas of education and health in order to continue receiving the benefit. For example, children are required to attend school regularly and receive up-to-date vaccinations, while pregnant women must undergo prenatal care.

These conditionalities are fundamental to ensuring that Bolsa Família has a significant impact on the human development of beneficiary families. By encouraging school attendance and access to health services, the program contributes to breaking the cycle of poverty by investing in the education of future generations and promoting maternal and child health.

Emergency aid

Emergency Aid is an extraordinary initiative by the Brazilian federal government, implemented in response to the crisis caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. Created in 2020, the program aimed to provide quick and direct financial support to informal workers, individual micro-entrepreneurs (MEIs), the self-employed and the unemployed who have been affected by the social isolation measures and economic restrictions resulting from the pandemic.

The COVID-19 pandemic has triggered an unprecedented economic crisis on a global scale, affecting millions of people around the world. In Brazil, the social distancing measures and movement restrictions imposed to contain the spread of the virus have had a devastating impact on the economy, leading to job losses, reduced income and increased social vulnerability for many families.

Faced with this scenario, the federal government acted quickly to implement Emergency Aid as a social protection and economic stimulus measure. The program consisted of a monthly financial benefit, initially worth R$ 600.00, later reduced to R$ 300.00 and, in some situations, to R$ 150.00, designed to help families cope with the financial difficulties caused by the pandemic.

One of the most important features of Emergency Aid was its comprehensiveness and the speed with which the benefit was granted. The program was designed to reach a large number of people in a short space of time, using a digital platform to register and analyze beneficiaries. This allowed millions of vulnerable Brazilians to receive financial assistance quickly and efficiently, helping to mitigate the economic impacts of the pandemic.

In addition, Emergency Aid was a crucial measure to protect the income of the most vulnerable families and maintain domestic consumption during the crisis period. By providing direct financial support to families affected by the pandemic, the program has helped to prevent an even greater drop in economic activity and to preserve the jobs and incomes of millions of Brazilians.


Scholarships are one of the most valuable benefits offered by the Brazilian federal government, as they provide access to education and opportunities for personal and professional development for students at all levels of education. Through programs such as the University for All Program (Prouni), the Student Financing Fund (FIES) and the National Program for Access to Technical Education and Employment (Pronatec), the federal government seeks to democratize access to education and promote social inclusion.

Prouni, for example, is aimed at low-income students who wish to enter private higher education institutions. The program offers partial and full scholarships, covering part or all of the tuition fees, depending on the student's family income and academic performance. This initiative has been fundamental in increasing access to higher education among low-income young people and promoting diversity in Brazilian universities.

FIES, on the other hand, is an alternative for students who can't get a full scholarship through Prouni or who need financing to pay for their studies at private institutions. The program offers low-interest loans so that students can pay their tuition fees after graduating, facilitating access to higher education and reducing the financial barriers faced by many young Brazilians.

In addition, Pronatec aims to promote professional qualification and access to technical education for young people and adults throughout the country. The program offers free courses in areas such as health, technology, administration and industry, preparing students for the job market and contributing to the socio-economic development of the regions served.

Unemployment insurance

Unemployment Insurance is one of the most important social benefits offered by the Brazilian federal government to protect workers who have been dismissed without just cause. Created in 1986, the program's main objective is to guarantee a temporary income for unemployed workers while they look for a new opportunity in the job market.

One of the fundamental characteristics of Unemployment Insurance is its insurance nature, i.e. it is financed by contributions from workers and employers themselves to the Workers' Support Fund (FAT). These contributions are made monthly by companies based on their employees' payroll and by informal workers through specific contributions.

The program is aimed at formal workers who have been dismissed without just cause, including employees with a formal contract, domestic workers, artisanal fishermen and employees rescued from slave labor. To be eligible for Unemployment Insurance, workers must meet certain requirements, such as:

  • Having been dismissed without just cause;
  • Have worked for a minimum period, which varies according to the number of times you have applied for the benefit;
  • Not be receiving any other social security benefit, except a death pension or accident aid;
  • Not having enough income of their own to support themselves and their family during the period of unemployment.

The amount of Unemployment Insurance varies according to the average salary received in the last months worked before dismissal. Generally, the benefit is paid for a period ranging from three to five installments, depending on how long the beneficiary has worked.

As well as providing a temporary income for unemployed workers, Unemployment Insurance plays an important role in social protection and in encouraging people to return to work. By guaranteeing a source of income during the period of unemployment, the program helps minimize the financial impact of job loss and allows workers to dedicate themselves to looking for new job opportunities without facing extreme financial difficulties.


Retirement is one of the most significant benefits offered by the Brazilian federal government, guaranteeing a lifetime monthly income for workers after the end of their working life. This benefit is a fundamental achievement of labor and social security rights, ensuring the livelihood of individuals in old age and promoting dignity and quality of life in old age.

There are various forms of retirement in Brazil, each with its own specific criteria and requirements. Among the main types are

  • Age pension: This is for workers who have reached the minimum age set by law to retire. Currently, the minimum age for retirement by age is 65 for men and 62 for women.
  • Retirement for contribution time: This is for workers who have made a certain number of contributions to the National Social Security Institute (INSS). To be entitled to this type of pension, the worker must have contributed to the INSS for a minimum of 35 years (men) or 30 years (women).
  • Disability pension: This is for workers who become permanently unable to work due to illness or accident. In this case, there is no requirement for a minimum age or contribution time, and it is only necessary to prove incapacity through medical examinations and expert opinions.
  • Special retirement: Aimed at workers who carry out activities considered harmful to their health or physical integrity, such as exposure to harmful chemical, physical or biological agents. These workers can retire with less contribution time, as long as they can prove their exposure to harmful agents.

Continuous Cash Benefit (BPC)

The Continuous Cash Benefit (BPC) is one of the main social protection programs offered by the Brazilian federal government, designed to guarantee a minimum income for the elderly and people with disabilities in situations of socio-economic vulnerability. Created by the Organic Law on Social Assistance (LOAS) in 1993, the BPC's main objective is to ensure access to basic conditions of survival and social inclusion for those who do not have the means to provide for themselves or their families.

The BPC is a financial benefit of one minimum monthly wage, currently paid by the federal government, which aims to meet the basic needs of beneficiaries in terms of food, housing, health and hygiene. In order to be entitled to BPC, the beneficiary must meet certain requirements established by law, the main ones being:

For the elderly: be aged 65 or over and have a per capita family income of less than 1/4 of the minimum wage. In addition, the elderly person must prove that they do not have the means to provide for themselves or their family.

For people with disabilities: Have a disability that prevents them from fully participating in society and the job market, according to a medical and social assessment carried out by the National Social Security Institute (INSS). In addition, the beneficiary's per capita family income must not exceed 1/4 of the minimum wage.

My House, My Life

The Minha Casa, Minha Vida program aims to facilitate access to decent housing for low-income families. It offers subsidies, financing and tax incentives so that families can buy or build their own homes. The program works in partnership with state and municipal governments, companies and non-profit organizations to make it possible to build housing units throughout the country.

How do you know if you're entitled?

To find out if you are entitled to any of the benefits offered by the federal government, it is important to consult the specific criteria and requirements of each program. You can obtain detailed information on the benefits available and how to apply for them from the following channels:

  • Official federal government website: The federal government portal offers detailed information on all the social programs and benefits available, including eligibility criteria and application procedures.
  • Citizen Service Centers (CAC): CACs are face-to-face service units where citizens can obtain information and guidance on the services offered by the federal government, including social benefits.
  • Mobile apps: Some social programs offer mobile apps that allow citizens to consult information, make simulations and even apply for benefits directly from their cell phones.

The federal government offers a wide range of benefits designed to promote the well-being and social inclusion of Brazilian citizens. Whether you are looking for financial assistance, access to education, decent housing or social protection, it is important to be aware of the programs available and the requirements for accessing these benefits. Don't hesitate to seek information and guidance from official government channels to guarantee your rights and take advantage of all the opportunities on offer.

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April 3rd, 2024